Sikaran – The Filipino Kicking Martial art


What is Sikaran?

Sikaran is an age-old martial art that has been practised in the Philippines for centuries. It is unknown how old the art truly is however it is known that it is older than 500 years. This is known because the art was practised well before the 16th century. It was this century the Spanish would arrive in the Philippines.

The exact age o the art isn’t known because Filipinos did not keep a written history of many things. This lead to confusion around items such as the age of things.

Currently and in the past Sikaran has primarily been practiced in the area Rizal.

The art has yet to ever make itself popular around the world. It is for this reason Sikaran was seen as a dying art for a large period of time.

The art even attempted to somewhat assimilate in recent times. It did this because of the fact that it couldn’t compete with popular arts such as Tae Kwon Do in its current condition.

This is due to the fact that little changes had been made to the art over time.

This lead to its practice becoming old and somewhat unrewarding to modern people. To attempt to resolve this Sikaran introduce a belt system in order to offer a reward for those who become veterans in the art.

It also introduced uniforms that can be worn by its practitioners. This helped sikaran expand to global lengths.

Practitioners of the art from the Philippines have opened schools in a variety of large nations which has provided sikaran a means of global expansion. Some countries that currently hold schools in this art are Australia, the U.S and Saudi Arabia.


The words Sikaran and kicking strongly intertwine. This is because the art is most known for its concepts around the use of kicking.

The art even has its own kicking strikes that are learnt within the art. The art emphasizes almost sole use of kicks during fights. It is advised to practitioners that 90% of strikes come from the feet and 10% from the hands.

Sikaran Kicks

There are many kicks in Sikaran. The well known Biakid kick is executed by pivoting to the back in a turn, similar to a spinning hook kick or a reverse round house in other martial arts styles and targets the side or back of the head.

A Sikaran Kicks effectiveness is classified as either Panghilo or Pamatay.


Panghilo is known as a paralyzing blow. This philosophy empathizes kicks that cause parallelization to an opponent.

By stealing the ability to move from an opponent in taking away their ability to defend themselves. By doing this the fight can easily be taken over and then won from that position.

This concept is mainly used in modern culture and organized fighting. It is done by targeting specified vital parts of the body that aren’t vital enough to cause death.


Pamatay is based around lethal kicks. It is clear this concept was widely followed in the past when this fighting technique was used in battles and as a means of self-defense.

Practically its use only coincides with fights to the death. With this concept vital parts of the body are targeted and struck. Some of these include the heart,spine and neck.


Sikaran has always been more then just a martial art. It has been a part of the culture in the Philippines. Though the art proves excellent in the field of battle it is also used as a means of sport. Villagers regularly come out to watch tournaments that solely feature fighters in this art.

The fighters fight in a set area until a winner is established. This has been taking place for centuries and has become something to marvel at, an event to watch with family.

In modern times fighters in this art wear armor as a means of safety. This helps in preventing injury when fighting in this style especially considering the deadly nature of this art.