Krav Maga Basics – Self-Defense Mastery

Learning Krav Maga Basics is not just about learning how to fight; it’s about learning how to defend yourself when you’re under attack. The technique emphasizes practicality and efficiency over flashy moves that may look good but are not very useful when it comes down to saving your life.

The main goal of Krav Maga is survival. You learn how to use natural body movements effectively against your opponent without relying on brute strength or fancy footwork.

This makes it an excellent choice for people who want to develop physical fitness while also learning valuable life-saving skills. Overall, if you’re looking for a practical self-defence system that can help you stay safe no matter what situation you’re in, Krav Maga is definitely worth considering.

Krav Maga Basics

Krav Maga Basics – Principles

Krav Maga is a practical and efficient system of self-defence that emphasizes the use of natural body movements. Unlike other martial arts, Krav Maga focuses on real-world scenarios, where there are no rules and no referees to stop the fight. This means that in Krav Maga, the main goal is to neutralize the threat as quickly as possible using whatever means necessary.

One of the unique aspects of Krav Maga is its emphasis on aggression and determination. In order to be an effective practitioner of Krav Maga, you need to have a strong will and be willing to fight back with everything you’ve got.

This doesn’t mean that you should start fights or act recklessly, but rather that you should be prepared mentally for any confrontation that may arise. Another fundamental principle of Krav Maga is its focus on efficiency.

Every movement in Krav Maga is designed to be simple and direct, with the goal of ending the confrontation as quickly as possible. This means that techniques are tailored to work with natural body movements rather than against them.

For example, instead of trying to force an opponent’s arm in a certain direction during a joint lock, Krav Maga practitioners would move in a way that takes advantage of their opponent’s existing movement. Krav Maga’s basic principles emphasize practicality and efficiency by using natural body movements while promoting aggression and determination when dealing with real-world situations.

Krav Maga Stances and Footwork

Neutral Stance

One of the fundamental principles of Krav Maga is the use of natural body movements. This is why the neutral stance is so important. It allows you to move quickly and efficiently, using your body’s natural alignment as a foundation for movement.

In the neutral stance, your feet should be shoulder-width apart, your knees slightly bent, and your weight evenly distributed between both feet. This allows you to move in any direction with ease.

Fighting Stance

When it comes to Krav Maga basics, the fighting stance is one of the most important things to master. The fighting stance differs from the neutral stance in that one leg is slightly forward and bent at the knee while the other leg stays straight behind you. This creates a stronger base from which to deliver strikes or defend against an attack.

Your hands should be up in front of you in a “guard” position with your elbows tucked into your sides. This helps protect your vital organs while allowing you to strike or block effectively.

Movement Drills

Krav Maga places a lot of emphasis on movement drills because they help develop muscle memory for common techniques and improve reaction time. One example of a movement drill involves moving forward and backwards while maintaining good form in either the neutral or fighting stance. Another effective drill involves moving side-to-side while throwing punches or kicks at a target.

By incorporating these types of drills into your training regimen, you’ll become more comfortable moving in different directions and executing techniques quickly and accurately. Remember that stances and footwork are essential components of Krav Maga basics, so make sure to spend plenty of time practising them until they become second nature!

Krav Maga Strikes and Punches

Straight Punch

The straight punch is one of the most basic strikes in Krav Maga. This punch involves a straight extension of the arm to strike an opponent in the face, chest, or stomach.

The key to a successful straight punch is to use your entire body to generate power, not just your arm. Start by standing in a fighting stance with one foot forward and your fists up.

As you throw the punch, rotate your hips and shoulders into the strike while keeping your elbow down and in line with your shoulder. Your wrist should be straight at impact, and you should aim for the target with your first two knuckles.

Hook Punch

The hook punch is a more circular strike that targets an opponent’s temple or jawline. To execute this technique correctly, start from a neutral stance with both feet shoulder-width apart and bend slightly at the knees.

Next, rotate your hips and shoulders into the strike while keeping your elbow bent at 90 degrees. Your fist should travel in a circular motion towards the target, hitting it with either the front or back of your knuckles depending on which part of the fist makes contact first.


The uppercut is another powerful striking technique that targets an opponent’s chin or solar plexus. To perform this technique effectively, stand in a fighting stance with one foot forward and both fists up near your chin.

As you execute this strike, shift your weight onto your back foot while bending both legs slightly. Twist at the hips as you throw an upward punch towards the target area using either hand.

Remember to always keep good form when executing these techniques for maximum power and efficiency. Practice each technique slowly at first until you feel comfortable enough to increase speed and power over time through repetition drills on heavy bags and pads.


Now that we’ve covered some of the basic principles and stances, it’s time to move on to one of the most important aspects of Krav Maga: kicks. Kicks in Krav Maga are designed to be fast, powerful, and effective in a self-defence situation. It’s important to note that Krav Maga does not rely on fancy or flashy kicks that may look good in a martial arts demonstration but aren’t practical in real life.

Front Kick

The front kick is one of the first kicks you’ll learn in Krav Maga. It’s a simple yet effective kick that involves lifting your knee up towards your chest and extending your leg out with a snap at the end.

The front kick can be aimed at different parts of the body, such as the groin or stomach, depending on the situation. When performing a front kick, it’s important to maintain your balance by keeping your weight over your supporting leg.

You should also keep your hands up and be ready to defend yourself if necessary. One common mistake beginners make when performing a front kick is telegraphing their movement by dropping their hands or leaning back before kicking – avoid this at all costs!

Roundhouse Kick

The roundhouse kick is another essential technique in Krav Maga. It involves pivoting on one foot while swinging the other leg around and striking with either the instep or shin bone. The roundhouse kick can be aimed at various targets such as the head, ribs, legs or knees depending on where you need it most.

Executing a roundhouse kick requires coordination between upper body and lower body movements for maximum impact- twisting hips helps generate more power behind each strike! Proper form during this technique will help you stay balanced while delivering an effective blow to your opponent.

Side Kick

The sidekick is a powerful kick that involves raising your leg out to the side and striking with either the heel or the blade of your foot. This kick can be used against an opponent in close proximity or from a distance, depending on the situation. When performing a sidekick, it’s important to maintain proper balance by keeping your weight centred over your supporting foot.

You should also keep your hands up and be ready to defend yourself if necessary. A common mistake beginners make when performing a sidekick is keeping their hips square rather than rotating them, which results in less power behind the strike.

Kicks are an essential part of Krav Maga and must be practised regularly to become proficient. Remember to always maintain proper form and technique while training – this will help you stay safe while learning this highly effective self-defence system.

Krav Maga Defences

In Krav Maga, defending yourself is just as important as attacking. Since Krav Maga was created with self-defence in mind, a variety of defensive techniques have been developed to protect yourself from an attacker. These defences are designed to be quick, effective, and easy to use in real-life situations.

Blocks and Parries

Blocks and parries are the most basic defensive techniques in Krav Maga. In this type of defence, you prevent an attack by physically intercepting it with your arms or hands.

The purpose of a block is to stop the attack completely whereas parries are meant to deflect the attack so that it misses its target. There are different types of blocks and parries that can be used depending on the type of attack being thrown and where it’s coming from.

For example, if someone throws a punch at your face, you may use a high block or a palm heel parry to deflect the punch before it lands. If someone tries to kick you from behind, you could use a rear leg interception or outside defence to stop their leg before it reaches you.

Krav Maga Evasion Techniques

Evasion techniques are another form of defence used in Krav Maga that involves quickly moving out of harm’s way instead of blocking or parrying an attack. These techniques can be used when there isn’t enough time to react with a block or when doing so would put you at risk for further harm.

The goal of evasion techniques is not only avoiding getting hit but also putting yourself in a better position for counter-attacking. For example, if someone throws a hook punch at your head while standing close to you, instead of trying to block the punch which would put you too close for comfort; you can use footwork evasions such as a slip or a duck to move out of range and then counter-attack with your own strikes.

Overall, mastering defensive techniques is crucial in Krav Maga for self-defence purposes. Combining these techniques with proper footwork and striking techniques can help you effectively protect yourself in dangerous situations.

Krav Maga Ground Fighting Techniques

Krav Maga is a self-defence system that places a strong emphasis on practicality and efficiency. As such, it addresses the fact that real-life fights often end up on the ground. Ground fighting techniques are therefore an important part of Krav Maga training.

In Krav Maga, ground fighting is seen as a last resort and students are taught to get back to their feet as soon as possible. However, if you do find yourself on the ground in a self-defence situation, Krav Maga teaches you how to escape from various positions and neutralize your opponent.

Escapes from the Ground Position

There are several techniques for escaping from the ground position in Krav Maga, depending on where your opponent is positioned and what kind of attack they are using. One common situation is being pinned down by an attacker who is straddling your chest or stomach. To escape this position, you can use the shrimp technique.

This involves turning onto your side and using your legs to create space between you and your attacker so that you can then push them away with your feet and get back to your feet. Another common position is being mounted by an attacker who has their knees beside or over your hips.

Here, you can use a technique called bridge-and-roll where you bridge up onto one shoulder while pushing off with both feet to create space before rolling into a position where you’re on top of them instead. It’s important to remember that these techniques require practice and repetition, so be sure to train them regularly with a partner under safe conditions in order to build up muscle memory for when they need them in real-life situations!

Krav Maga Weapons Defense Techniques

Defence Against Knife Attacks

Krav Maga is a self-defence system that teaches its practitioners how to defend themselves against armed attackers. In the unfortunate event of a knife attack, Krav Maga techniques come in handy.

The key is to move quickly and decisively while deflecting the attacker’s knife and disabling them. The first step in defending yourself against a knife attack is to maintain a safe distance from the attacker.

If there is no way to avoid an attack, you should always protect your vital organs like your head, chest, and stomach. The aim should be to deflect the knife with your arms while getting closer to the attacker at the same time.

Once you are close enough, execute techniques like knee strikes or elbow strikes that will disarm your opponent. Krav Maga also teaches various defences against different types of knife attacks such as slashes and stabs.

If an attacker comes at you with a slashing motion, it is essential to move out of their line of attack while blocking their wrist or arm using both hands. For stabs, it’s best to use circular movements by redirecting the hand holding the weapon away from you while simultaneously striking multiple times with quick and powerful punches or kicks until they are disarmed or incapacitated.

Krav Maga offers practical techniques for defending oneself against a wide variety of potential threats including attacks with weapons like knives. It’s important not only for physical safety but also for peace of mind knowing that you have tools at your disposal if ever faced with this type of danger in everyday life or other situations where self-defence may become necessary such as travel abroad or even during situations like natural disasters when law enforcement may be unavailable due to unforeseen circumstances!

Final Thoughts

Krav Maga may seem intimidating to beginners, but it is a highly practical and efficient self-defence system that emphasizes natural movements and aggression. By learning the basic principles and techniques outlined in this article, anyone can become proficient in Krav Maga. Throughout this article, we’ve covered the fundamental concepts of Krav Maga, such as its history and basic principles.

We’ve explored the importance of stances and footwork, as well as strikes and kicks. Additionally, we’ve examined defences like blocks and parries, evasion techniques, and ground fighting techniques for escaping from the ground position.

It’s also worth noting that while this article covers many of the basics of Krav Maga, becoming truly proficient requires dedicated training under a skilled instructor. With regular practice and hard work though, anyone can learn these skills and feel more confident in their ability to defend themselves if necessary.

Krav Maga is a highly effective self-defence system that anyone can learn with dedication and commitment. By applying these basic principles and techniques in your training sessions you will not only be able to protect yourself but also keep your mind focused on achieving goals that are important to you with great determination.

Author Picture William

Author Bio

Hi, I am William. I started out in martial arts with Goshin Ju Jitsu when I was 7 years old. I am passionate about martial arts and love sharing everything I learn. I created Master Fighting to become a resource for learning about martial arts and alternative fighting styles. Learn more about me.